Here are some of the common mistakes entrepreneurs often make when looking to raise money for their business?

1. Being unclear with your message

I run both accelerators for Virgin StartUp and crowdfunding bootcamps with Grant Thornton, and on both of these programmes I spend around 70% of my time showing the entrepreneurs how to refine their message using fewer, better words. Importantly, we show them how to produce communications with the utmost clarity.

Often, I’ve seen companies attempt to raise funds using their advert or product video as a tool to engage an investor. Yes, show an investor your product, but more importantly sell them your vision, show the market potential, reveal what they can potentially earn from joining you on your journey. If you have a choice between clarity and creativity, opt for the former every time.

2. Not surrounding yourself with the right people.

This big mistake comes as part of the territory that entrepreneurs will be experienced beyond their years, overachievers and disruptive to the old guard in their industry. So they tend to overestimate their own abilities, and underestimate how much an investor needs reassurance that the team is reliable. For an investor, the most investable team is both disruptive and has industry experience, while also being able to demonstrate they are amongst the best in the business.

You don’t need to have personally spent half your life working on your trade – it’s actually very easy to get board advisors for your company to tick the industry experience box, who only need to attend an annual AGM and be available for the odd phone call. As a bonus, they will quite likely save you a fortune and stop you making critical mistakes, all for a relatively small retainer or a bit of equity.

3. Not knowing your numbers

How did you arrive at your valuation? What’s your run rate? What’s your burn rate? When do you break even? What’s your year 1-3 forecasted EBITDA (earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortisation)? These are all perfectly valid questions from an investor, and it’s surprising how few entrepreneurs can answer them. If all of this sounds like gobbledygook, go and research some key phrases on Investopedia before you start to speak with investors. Better yet, look on the forums of crowdfunding platforms such as Crowdcube and Seedrs to see what questions commonly pop up.

If you aren’t naturally numerate, learn the key highlights about your financials from memory. All the questions listed above should be presented in an executive summary anyway, and even the most financially illiterate entrepreneur can memorise a one-page document.

4. Being over- or under-ambitious with your forecasts

Very close to being forgetful of your numbers, is having wildly unrealistic forecasts. This will also quickly turn an investor off. You’re an early stage startup, or a young company about to see unprecedented growth/change, so no one is expecting you to be accurate. But an investor is expecting you to be realistic.

Your numbers should tell a story, showing spikes in sales when a new revenue stream is initiated or a new salesperson employed. They should show growth in line with market trends, and comparisons to competitors. Your forecasts are designed to reveal your workings, and show you have a grasp on your industry. They’re not there as a performance record to be checked back on retroactively.

So, if your forecasts are underwhelming it can be telling that there might not be as much growth potential as you first thought. An investor in an early stage business wants potential of at least a 3-5x return on investment (ROI), otherwise it’s not worth the risk. On the other hand, if your business model suggests growth akin to the early social media platforms, like Facebook and Twitter, then you will quickly turn an investor off. It’s doubtful that Facebook’s early forecast ever predicted its meteoric rise.

Of course every investor is searching for that investment opportunity with unicorn potential (a unicorn being a magically rare company that achieves a $1bn+ valuation within its first decade of trading). But let them be the judge of your potential. Suggesting they’ll only start to make serious money when you have captured 10% of the world’s population will stop them reading past the first page of your deck.

5. Pitching the wrong valuation

We know entrepreneurs pitch the wrong valuation. It’s one of the things founders stress about most when they first start working with us. What most people don’t know is that it’s actually very easy to avoid going in too high, or indeed too low. And it starts with putting together a realistic set of forecasts (see point 4).

Having worked with 50+ startup or growth companies, and from speaking with hundreds of investors, I believe there are three central pillars to a sound valuation: